Visualization Library v1.0.3

A lightweight C++ OpenGL middleware for 2D/3D graphics

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Polygon Tessellation Tutorial

In this tutorial you will learn how to use the vl::Tessellator class to tessellate a concave or self intersecting polygon into a set of triangles that can be rendered with Visualization Library.

pagGuideTessellation.jpg

[From App_Tessellator.cpp]

class App_Tessellator: public BaseDemo
{
public:
  App_Tessellator() {}

  void initEvent()
  {
    // Basic initialization
    vl::Log::notify(appletInfo());

    // Filled effect
    vl::ref<vl::Effect> filled_fx = new vl::Effect;

    // Wireframe effect
    vl::ref<vl::Effect> wireframe_fx = new vl::Effect;
    wireframe_fx->shader()->gocPolygonMode()->set(vl::PM_LINE,vl::PM_LINE);

    // Add empty Actors
    mStar1 = sceneManager()->tree()->addActor( new vl::Actor(NULL, filled_fx.get(), new vl::Transform) );
    mStar2 = sceneManager()->tree()->addActor( new vl::Actor(NULL, wireframe_fx.get(), new vl::Transform) );
    rendering()->as<vl::Rendering>()->transform()->addChild(mStar1->transform());
    rendering()->as<vl::Rendering>()->transform()->addChild(mStar2->transform());
  }

  void updateScene() 
  {
    // Animation: compute rotation matrix to rotate the small star, 45/sec rotation.
    vl::dmat4 m = vl::dmat4::getRotation( vl::Time::currentTime()*45, 0,0,1 );
    // Filled star on the left, wireframe star on the right
    mStar1->transform()->setLocalMatrix( vl::mat4::getTranslation(-4,0,0) );
    mStar2->transform()->setLocalMatrix( vl::mat4::getTranslation(+4,0,0) );

    // Concave and self-intersecting polygons cannot be directly rendered by OpenGL, for this
    // reason in order to render them we have to tessellate them first, i.e. we have to decompose
    // them into a set of triangles using the Tessellator class.

    // The Tessellator class takes as input a set of contours defining a complex polygon and 
    // outputs a series of triangles that can be rendered by OpenGL and Visualization Library
    vl::Tessellator tess;

    // Setup tessellation options, see also gluTessProperty() documentation.
    tess.setWindingRule(vl::TW_TESS_WINDING_ODD); // default
    tess.setTessNormal(vl::fvec3(0,0,1)); // default is vl::fvec3(0,0,0)
    tess.setBoundaryOnly(false); // default
    tess.setTolerance(0.0); // default

    // Outline #1 - generate 5-points star (small)
    int size = 2;
    tess.contours().push_back(5);
    for(int i=0; i<5; ++i)
    {
      float t = (float)i/5.0f*vl::fPi*2.0f*2.0f + vl::fPi/2.0f;
      // Fill the first contour
      tess.contourVerts().push_back( m * vl::dvec3(cos(t)*size,sin(t)*size,0.0f) );
    }

    // Outline #2 - generate 5-points star (big)
    size = 4;
    tess.contours().push_back(5);
    for(int i=0; i<5; ++i)
    {
      float t = (float)i/5.0f*vl::fPi*2.0f*2.0f + vl::fPi/2.0f;
      // Fill the second contour
      tess.contourVerts().push_back( vl::dvec3(cos(t)*size,sin(t)*size,0.0f) );
    }

    // Tessellate the two contours into a single polygon
    tess.setTessellateIntoSinglePolygon(true); // default
    tess.tessellate();

    /*
    You can also tessellate each contour separately selecting setTessellateIntoSinglePolygon(false).
    This way each contour will be processed separately and will generate its own set of triangles, this 
    is useful when you want to tessellate a large number of polygons with a single tessellate() call.
    */

    // Create a new Geometry and vertex array with the tessellated triangles
    vl::ref<vl::Geometry> tess_poly = new vl::Geometry;
    vl::ref<vl::ArrayFloat3> vert_array = new vl::ArrayFloat3;
    tess_poly->setVertexArray(vert_array.get());
    // Fill the vertex array with the tessellated triangles
    vert_array->initFrom(tess.tessellatedTris());
    // Add the primitive description
    tess_poly->drawCalls()->push_back( new vl::DrawArrays(vl::PT_TRIANGLES, 0, (int)vert_array->size()) );

    // Bind the created Geometry to the star Actor
    mStar1->setLod(0, tess_poly.get());
    mStar2->setLod(0, tess_poly.get());
  }

protected:
  // the Actor defining our complex star
  vl::Actor* mStar1;
  vl::Actor* mStar2;
};

// Have fun!


Visualization Library v1.0.3 Reference Documentation
Copyright Michele Bosi. All rights reserved.
Updated on Tue Feb 7 2017 00:55:05.
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